The good news is that India has 81 lakh fewer tobacco users now than it did in 2010, with tobacco use falling by six percentage points in the past seven years, according to the latest Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS).
GATS is a global standard for systematically monitoring adult tobacco use (smoking and smokeless) and tracking key tobacco control indicators. Its latest edition involved a household survey of 74,037 people aged 15 and above across India between August 2016 and February 2017. The first was conducted in 2009-10.
GATS 2016-17 indicates India has made massive gains on account of recent anti-tobacco measures, including large pictorial warnings on product packs, higher taxes and an intensive awareness campaign. According to the survey, since 2010, there has been a comparative reduction of 33% in tobacco use among 15 to 24-year-olds, and 54% among minors (15 to 17 years).
The survey shows the pictorial warnings are working, with 55% of smokers and 50% of smokeless tobacco users admitting to have plans to quit. The study shows greater prevalence of smokeless forms of tobacco among Indian adults. Khaini, bidi and gutka are the most commonly used items among Indian men, while women primarily use betel quid with tobacco and khaini, in that order. The survey shows 19% of men, 2% of women and 10.7% of all adults currently smoke tobacco, while 29.6% of men, 12.8% of women and 21.4% of all adults use smokeless forms.
A significant finding of the survey is the fact that the age of initiation has gone up by a year between GATS 1 (2009-10) and GATS 2 (2016-17), from 17.9 years to 18.9.
“The reduction in consumption shows the government’s strong commitment to tobacco control,” said Bhavna Mukhopadhyay, chief executive, Voluntary Health Association of India.
An alarming report that was compiled by researchers from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) at the University of Washington and published recently revealed that more than two billion adults and children across the globe are overweight or obese, and suffer severe health problem because of their weight. The United States of America leads the way by holding the most number of obese and overweight people.
Which indicates that one-third of the world’s population are overweight, due to several reasons like urbanisation, poor diet and less physical activity, reported CNN.
The United States tops the list of the percentage of obese children and young adults, which constitute around 13% of the total population, followed by Egypt which led in term of adult obesity, with almost 35%.
While in 2015, where only 2.2 billion people were obese or overweight, more than 710 million of them were classed as obese, in which 5% of the total number was children and other 12% was adults.
The increase in the number is resulting in an increase in health problems linked to being overweight, such as cardiovascular disease, said the study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
According to the study, almost 4% of the four million dying due to their higher body mass index were not yet obese.
The study was conducted after collecting data 68.5 million people between 1980 and 2015 to examine the trends and figures of overweight and obesity rates.
The analysis revealed that the number of people affected by obesity in 73 countries has doubled since 1980 and it has continued to rise across most other countries included in the analysis.
The report also revealed that the obesity levels were higher among women than men across all age groups.
Ask any new mum about losing post pregnancy weight and they’ll always inevitably tell you that it is close to impossible for them to find time to exercise. Even when they do start a workout routine it’s overwhelming and seems impossible because of the added responsibility of taking care of a newborn.
Mermaid-haired athletic mum from Florida, USA, Charity LeBlanc, ingenious ways to use the space in her house to train ninja-style has won her over 132,000 Instagram followers due to her innovative style of working out.
Performing different styles of exercises wasn’t new for Charity. “I always was an active child — climbing trees, playing outside, and taking dance classes,” she tells People.
An ardent lover of yoga she initially started getting back into a fitness regime with yoga. She then proceeded to include ninja-styled training into her workouts.
The highlight of the setup in her house includes a ceiling beam from where you can hang rings, wooden ledges, and swing-like contraptions that her husband, Andre LeBlanc, gave her as a Christmas gift.
My family loves it!” Charity gushes. “I caught my daughter swinging on one of the workouts rings we have in our house, and she looks at me and said ‘Wook mommy! I strong like youuu!’, ” according to People.
Additionally, there’s a 2 by 4 ledge that can be used for grip training, peg holes and a ledge that has different rock-climbing grips. The setup does not intrude into family space either, apparently, according to Cosmopolitan.
Even the backyard and garage haven’t been spared
She claims her training has helped her build strength and muscular control and would eventually like to get her yoga teacher certification, as well as audition for the TV show American Ninja Warrior, come 2018, according to Cosmopolitan.
She hopes to keep inspiring people who watch her online in their pursuit of fitness and to encourage children to learn to have fun while getting fit from a young age.
“I have always encouraged people to pursue fitness as something you enjoy doing or activity that excites you. Fitness and fun are so entwined for me, I don’t know which comes first sometimes” she says in Cosmopolitan.
It was the sushi burger and the rainbow cheese toastie in 2016 that were floating around on Instagram last year taking it by storm. The year (2017) Instagram’s latest food trend, #cloudeggs, seem to be floating on a cloud of their own with a bright yellow egg nestled in the midst.
Not surprisingly, they look pretty, fluffy and delicious enough to taste like heaven (literally!).
What exactly are #cloudeggs?
Simple to make they involve separating the egg yolks and whipping the whites until they are fluffed up to look thick, before placing the yolk in the centre of the cloud.
The secret behind their popularity?
Because they look great when photographed and taste even better. In fact, if you want to get a little more creative you can make them look even and taste better by adding ingredients like herbs, cheese, bacon or similar ingredients into the white.
Some say it’s the modern spin on a 400-year-old French recipe
The French have been making something similar for centuries now. They call it something on the lines of Eggs in Snow states Daniel Gritzer the culinary director at Serious Eats, as stated in NPR.
As sophisticated as they may look to some, they are quite simple to make. Here’s how:
-Preheat oven to 450° and line a large baking sheet with parchment paper.
-Separate egg whites and egg yolks, placing the egg whites in a large bowl and the yolks in a small bowl.
-Season the egg whites with salt and pepper. Using a whisk or a hand mixer, beat the egg whites until stiff peaks form. Gently fold in Parmesan, ham, and chives. Create 4 mounds of egg whites on the prepared baking sheet and indent the centres of each to look like nests. Bake until slightly golden, about 3 minutes.
-Carefully add an egg yolk to the centre of each egg white cloud. Season yolk with salt and pepper. Bake until the yolks are just set, about 3 minutes more.
If you’re going to play the role of a superwoman from the DC Universe, you’ve got to be in the physical condition that most people cannot even fathom; the kind of shape you can’t imagine even if you let your imagination run wild!
Gal Gadot’s training regime for Wonder Woman was no joke and that’s why she had to work with trainers such as Mark Twight, who was responsible for whipping the men from 300 into jaw-dropping shape. The fact that she couldn’t even perform a pull up before she started her training is testament to her rigorousness routine.
She spoke about her rigorous training regime when she went on “Live with Kelly & Ryan”, as reported by Business Insider. “I was training for six months prior to the shoots, and six hours a day. I did two hours [of] gym work, two hours [of] fight choreography and one and a half hours—two hours horseback riding, which is super hard! When people used to tell me, ‘Yeah, I do sport, I ride horses,’ I was like, ‘That’s not a sport, the horse does everything.’ But no! You’ll be surprised, it’s so painful.”
Her training regime was no joke!
She had to train in sword fighting
Learn horseback riding
Rock climb like a pro
Go through an intensive martial arts training regime
Weight lift her body into a superhuman shape
Here’s a piece of the workout by Mark Twight that Gadot followed for Wonder Woman, according to Muscle And Fitness.
Muscles worked: Full body
Duration: 45 minutes
Number of exercises: 8
Rowing machine- 5 minutes and then rest for 1-2 minutes (easy pace)
Rowing machine- 5 minutes and then rest for 1-2 minutes (10-second sprint + 50-second easy pace)
Bear crawl- Perform the exercise for 30 meters and then walk 30-meters back before moving into the next move. Rest for 1 minute
Burpee With Broad Jump- Perform the exercise for 30 meters and then walk 30-meters back before moving into the next move. Rest for 1 minute
Crab walk- Perform the exercise for 30 meters and then walk 30-meters back before moving into the next move. Rest for 1 minute
Burpee With Broad Jump- Perform the exercise for 30 meters and then walk 30-meters back before moving into the next move. Rest for 1 minute
Normal pullups- 7 sets for 3 reps each. Rest for 1-2 minutes
Ring pushups- 5 sets of 3 reps each. Rest for 1 minute
Ever wondered how long you have left to live? Researchers at the Australian University of Adelaide have the answer. They’ve developed an AI system that can predict your lifespan by examining your organs.
The machine uses a one-of-a-kind AI that uses imagery and AI to detect any early symptoms serious illnesses.
The scientists took CT scans of 48 patients suffering from various diseases using a computer-based analysis that was able to predict the patients that would die within 5 years with 69 percent accuracy. The rate is comparable to manual predictions made by doctors.
The study revealed that the machine used over 16,000 biomarkers to find signs of diseases. The difference here is that the machines can predict medical outcomes in a way doctors cannot by using the volumes of data available to them and being able to detect patterns.
The idea was to remove the need for a patient to perform regular check-ups and hoard a heap of paperwork overtime. The system can collect data and create a database for each individual to make a more accurate prediction of an individual’s health.
The upside is that if the evidence is conclusive and caught early enough, doctors can do their best to catch the disease at the onset.
‘Predicting the future of a patient is useful because it may enable doctors to tailor treatments to the individual,’ said lead author Dr Luke Oakden-Rayner, a radiologist and PhD student with the University of Adelaide’s School of Public Health, reported the Daily Mail UK.
‘Our research has investigated the use of “deep learning”, a technique where computer systems can learn how to understand and analyse images, added Dr Oakden-Rayner.
Here’s some good news for a lot of us struggling to squeeze in time to hit the gym or workout into our erratic schedule. A recent study published in the journal Psychology of Sport and Exercise revealed that one 30-minute bout of exercise is all it takes to make women feel stronger and thinner!
The study also found that the positive effect lasts well beyond the activity itself, which may be good news for women concerned about their body image.
“Women, in general, have a tendency to feel negatively about their bodies,” said senior author Kathleen Martin Ginis. “This is a concern because poor body image can have harmful implications for a woman’s psychological and physical health including increased risk for low self-esteem, depression and for eating disorders. This study indicates exercise can have an immediate positive effect.”
Martin Ginis, along with Lauren Salci, compared the body image and physical perceptions of women who completed 30 minutes of moderate aerobic exercise with those who sat and read. Women in the exercise group had significant improvements in their body image compared to those who didn’t exercise.
This positive effect lasted at least 20 minutes post-exercise. The research team further established that this effect was not due to a change in the women’s mood, rather it was linked to perceiving themselves as stronger and thinner.
“We all have those days when we don’t feel great about our bodies,” noted Martin Ginis. “This study and our previous research show one way to feel better, is to get going and exercise. The effects can be immediate.”
Martin Ginis sees this study as a gateway to developing maximally effective body image-enhancing exercise interventions.
“We think that the feelings of strength and empowerment women achieve post exercise, stimulate an improved internal dialogue,” added Martin Ginis. “This, in turn, should generate positive thoughts and feelings about their bodies which may replace the all too common negative ones.”
Despite thousands of years of pant-crapping history, there’s a surprising amount we don’t know about diarrhoea. Does it actually help clear the bacteria causing a gastrointestinal infection, or is it merely a symptom of a disease that should be prevented as much as possible?
In a new study from Brigham and Women’s Hospital, investigators explore the immune mechanism that drives diarrhoea, concluding that it does play a critical role in pathogen clearance in the early stages of infection.
The new study, published in Cell Host and Microbe, also uncovers a previously unrecognised role for interleukin-22, an immune system molecule, in the host’s defence against infection.
“The hypothesis that diarrhoea clears intestinal pathogens has been debated for centuries,” said corresponding author Jerrold Turner, MD, PhD, of the BWH Departments of Pathology and Medicine.
“Its impact on the progression of intestinal infections remains poorly understood. We sought to define the role of diarrhoea and to see if preventing it might actually delay pathogen clearance and prolong the disease.”
To investigate, researchers used a mouse model infected with Citrobacter rodentium, the mouse equivalent of an E. coli infection. Using this model, they saw an increase in the permeability of the intestinal barrier within just two days of infection—well before inflammation and epithelial damage.
In particular, they uncovered a critical role for interleukin-22 that in turn influences another molecule called claudin-2, previously known to be involved in causing diarrhoea.
They found that diarrhoea resulting from the signalling of these two molecules helped promote pathogen clearance and limited disease severity.
Other investigators have proposed developing new therapeutics to inhibit claudin-2. However, Turner and colleagues explain that the activation of this pathway may be critical for combating an infection, particularly in the early stages of a disease.
They conclude that diarrhoea is critical to enteric pathogen clearance and that IL-22 may play a key role in host defence.
Losing weight for a person, suffering from diabetes, can be quite a handful. A recent study says that eating a plant-based vegetarian diet can help you lose 6.20 kg of weight in six months.
The findings indicated that the vegetarian diet group lost nearly twice as much weight- 6.20 kg, compared to those following the traditional diabetes diet, with an average weight loss of 3.19 Kgs, despite consuming equal amounts of energy.
A group of 74 adults with type 2 diabetes, split nearly equal among men and women, adopted a 500-calorie reduced diet for six months.
Half adopted a vegetarian diet and the other half adopted a conventional diabetes diet.
The vegetarian group reduced subfascial fat, the type of fat that lines our muscles, and intramuscular fat and fat that is stored in the muscles, at a higher rate than those who followed the conventional diabetes diet.
Both groups reduced subcutaneous fat, the type of fat that is stored under the skin, equally.
The team analysed the composition of study participants’ thighs at baseline, at three months and six months into the study by using magnetic resonance imaging.
The results suggested that changes in subcutaneous and subfascial fat correlated with changes in HbA1c, fasting plasma glucose, and ß-cell insulin sensitivity, markers of blood sugar metabolism and control.
Lead study author Hana Kahleova said that losing muscle fat increases insulin sensitivity.
A sample plant-based meal plan might include cooked millet with plums and almonds for breakfast; lentil soup with carrots and cabbage for lunch; brown rice with marinated tofu and bean sprouts for dinner; and vegetables, fruits, and carrot sticks with hummus for snacks.
Those in the vegetarian diet group retained a six centimetre reduced waist circumference, while those in the traditional diabetes diet group retained a five-cm reduction, a year after the study concluded.
HbA1c increased in both groups, however, those in the vegetarian diet group were less likely to increase diabetes medication or insulin levels a year after the intervention.
The research appeared in the journal of The American College of Nutrition.
A study found that India has the second highest number of obese children in the world after China; which amounted to around 14.4 million kids in the country carry excess weight!
Globally, over two billion children and adults suffer from health problems related to being obese, and an increasing number die from these conditions, researchers said. However, of the four million deaths attributed to excess body weight in 2015, nearly 40% occurred among people whose body mass index (BMI) fell below the threshold considered “obese”.
The findings represent “a disturbing global public health crisis,” according to a study published in The New England Journal of Medicine. Among the 20 most populous countries, the highest level of obesity among kids and young adults was in the US at nearly 13%; Egypt topped the list for adult obesity at about 35%. Lowest rates were in Bangladesh and Vietnam, respectively, at 1%.
China with 15.3 million and India with 14.4 million had the highest numbers of obese children; the US with 79.4 million and China with 57.3 million had the highest numbers of obese adults in 2015.
“People who shrug off weight gain do so at risk of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, and other life-threatening conditions,” said Christopher Murray, from the University of Washington.
The study, which spans 195 countries and territories from 1980 through 2015, includes analyses of other studies on the effects of excess weight and potential links between high BMI and cancers of the oesophagus, colon and rectum, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, breast, uterus, kidney, and thyroid, as well as leukaemia. In 2015, excess weight affected 2.2 billion children and adults worldwide, or 30% of all people.